Need to Know Information on Blue Eyed Dog Breeds
If you’re on this website chances are one of your favorite traits in a Pomsky is their blue eyes. People love dogs of all breeds. Some people prefer small dogs and others prefer dogs that almost pass for small horses. A lot of people actually have a desire to own blue eyed dog breeds. There are many different breeds of dogs that can and sometimes do, have blue eyes. In some breeds it is far more common than in others. However, you might be surprised to find out that it is actually a gene mutation that causes the blue eyes in the first place.
Breeds That Have Blue Eyes
There are a large number of breeds that have blue eyes. You have probably seen a Dalmatian or even a Collie that has at least one blue eye and in some cases, you might have seen a dog with two blue eyes. In reality, breeds that have blue eyes on a more frequent basis include Siberian Huskies, Australian Cattle Dogs (more commonly known as Blue Heelers), Australian Shepherds, Border Collies, Shetland Sheepdogs (Shelties), Pomskies (still an unofficial breed), and even Great Danes.
You may not think about a Great Dane having blue eyes, but if you see a Great Dane that has lighter coloring or there are many patches of hair that are missing pigment, it is not that uncommon for the dog to have at least one blue eye. This also sometimes occurs in Dachshunds. Occasionally, an Alaskan Malamute will also have blue eyes, though they are restricted from being bred if they possess this gene.
What Causes This Trait?
In short, a recessive gene causes the trait to appear in dogs. It is important to note that because it is a recessive gene that causes blue eyes, any breed of dog can have blue eyes, although it very rarely happens in most breeds. More often than not, other breeds of dogs that are born with blue eyes have a number of additional health problems and they may not survive long enough to reach adulthood. More specifically, the gene that causes blue eyes is called a dominant merle gene.
**I should note that there haven’t been many (if any) health issues found in the Pomsky breed so far. The health concerns related to blue eyes and the genes that give certain breeds this trait are found in some of the other “official” dog breeds. As the Pomsky breed becomes more popular we will find out if there are any health concerns.
Gene Related Health Issues
Dogs such as Australian shepherds and Collies that frequently possess blue merle coats are more apt to possess the dominant merle gene than other breeds of dogs, hence the reason that they are born with blue eyes more frequently. As long as a dog is born with only one dominant merle gene, it may simply have blue eyes and nothing more. However, dogs that have a double merle gene may experience significant health problems. In truth, this type of gene is known as a lethal-white gene.
This is a type of gene that appears in animals such as dogs and horses and often means that the animal is unable to survive more than a few hours after it is born.
If it does survive, it is likely to have significant health problems that are debilitating and have an adverse impact on its ability to live a normal life.
Therefore, it is important to be mindful about any potential health problems that may exist in a dog that has blue eyes.
Concerns Related to Blue Eyed Dogs
For a dog that is born with blue eyes, one of the primary concerns is that the dog will also be born deaf or almost deaf. This is frequently seen in Dalmatians because they have a tendency to carry the dominant merle gene throughout the breed much more easily than most breeds of dogs. However, it can occur in any dog breed, as previously mentioned. Most dogs born with blue eyes manage to do just fine throughout their entire lives and they may not have any hearing deficits whatsoever. It is typically only when they get a double dose of this gene that they start to have problems.
In these cases, the dog may be unable to hear any sounds at all and that may be the least of their problems. These dogs also seem to have some mobility issues and and they seem to be less healthy overall, often being rather listless from birth. Due to the additional health concerns, dogs that have a double dose of this gene may not survive more than a few years if they make it into adulthood at all. However, that does not mean that you should automatically refrain from owning a dog that has blue eyes.
As previously mentioned, problems generally occur only when there is a double dose of the gene. As long as there is only one recessive gene for the dominant merle coat color, most dogs that display blue eyes are perfectly healthy.
In truth, blue eyed dogs are beautiful creatures and their piercing blue eyes are stunning attention getters that draw you in right away. This is why some people prefer to own only blue eyed dogs. In addition, they are relatively rare, even in breeds that see more than their fair share of blue eyed dogs. This is because breeders are discouraged from breeding dogs that display this gene due to the health concerns that are associated with dogs that have a double merle gene. As a result, breeding a dog that already displays the characteristics of a recessive blue merle is thought to be more likely to pass that on to their offspring.
Because the gene can also exist in dogs that do not have blue eyes and display no other traits, it is thought to increase the risk of getting dogs that have a double recessive gene. If you want to have a dog with blue eyes, go ahead and and indulge yourself. Chances are, you can enjoy many good years with a healthy pet. Always be on the lookout for additional health problems and you may have to look for a longer period of time in order to find your newfound friend because they can be more difficult to obtain.
Again at the time of this post their haven’t been issues with Pomskies and the double dose gene. They are a new breed and Pomsky Breeders (listed on this site) practice the safest breeding techniques. Keep informed and make sure you understand health concerns in any breed you are interested in and ask questions.